Thursday, April 18, 2024

Bibliography for History Posts on This Blog


I remember when school reformers insisted the biggest problem
in education was that teachers didn't come from the best colleges.



VERY EARLY in the process of taking down information, and dividing it by year in American history – on or about December 7, 2021, I managed to erase my bibliography. Since I throw most paperbacks away, after taking notes, I am unable to supply sources for every quote. 

Otherwise, if I follow a quote or section of material with the notation: (10/21-23), it means the material is from BOOK 10, pp. 21-23. Books are numbered with no rhyme nor reason, as I finished with them.


I also supply links to all newspaper and magazine articles, and old books, which can be found online. 

In some rare cases, I have clippings or parts of stories I saved long ago, and cannot identify the source. I mark those accordingly.


Finally, where you see: 

NOTE TO TEACHERS: I have suggested ideas I believe might work in a classroom. Many I used myself, during 33 years in teaching. For example, I realized, the last time I visited California, that the tallest redwood trees – which reach 360 feet – are exactly as tall as a football field, including both endzones, stood up on end. So, you could use this picture in your classroom, to make that point. Almost all pictures included in my posts are out of copyright, or I took them myself. 

Feel free to use any you want. 

My wife with the redwood.

Ammon, Harry, James Monroe: The Quest for American Identity (McGraw-Hill, New York, N. Y.: 1971) BOOK 24 

Andrews, E. Benjamin, History of the United States, Vol. II, Vol. IV (Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, N.Y.: 1925) BOOK 2 (II) and BOOK 4 (IV) 

Andrews, E. Benjamin, The History of the Last Quarter-Century om the United States, 1870-1895 Vol. I (Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, N.Y.: 1896) BOOK 11


Bowen, Ezra, ed. This Fabulous Century, 1930 to 1940 (Time-Life Books, New York, N.Y.: 1969) BOOK 1129 

Cain, Ella M., The Story of Bodie (Fearon Publishers, San Francisco, California: 1956) BOOK 59 

Carson, W.E., Mexico: The Wonderland of the South (Macmillan Company, New York, New York: 1914) BOOK 16


Bodie, California - ghost town.

Carter, Paul A., editor, The Uncertain World of Normalcy: The 1920s (Jerome S. Ozer, Publisher Inc., New York, New York: 1971) BOOK 155 

Catton, Bruce, A Stillness at Appomattox BOOK 1122 

Catton, Bruce, Mr. Lincoln’s Army (Doubleday & Company, Garden City, New York: 1951) BOOK 62 

Catton, Bruce, Glory Road (Doubleday & Company, Garden City, New York: 1952) BOOK 63


Museum at Gettysburg.

Coffin, Charles, Building a Nation (1882) BOOK 72 

Coe, Fanny E., Makers of the Nation (1914) BOOK 73 

Depew, Chauncey M., My Memories of Eighty Years (Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, N.Y.: 1923) BOOK 123 

DeVoto, Bernard, The Year of Decision: 1846 (Boston, Little, Brown and Company: 1943) BOOK 5 

Douglas, Henry Kyd, I Rode With Stonewall (Fawcett Publications, Inc., Greenwich, Conn.: 1961) BOOK 20 

Earle, Alice Morse, Child Life in Colonial Days (The Macmillan Company, New York, N.Y.: 1915) BOOK 226


Ellis, Edward, The Youth’s History of the United States (1893) BOOK 32 

Ellis, Edward S., Library of American History (The Charles Barrett Co.: 1905) Last copyright listed is for The Jones Brothers, Publishing Co. BOOK 33 

Empey, Guy, First Call: Guide Posts to Berlin (G.P. Putnam’s Sons: New York, N. Y.: 1918) BOOK 18


Finley, Ruth E., The Lady of Godey’s: Sarah Joseph Hale (J.B. Lipincott Co., Philadelphia, Pa.: 1931) BOOK 113 

Franklin, Penelope, Private Pages: Diaries of American Women 1830s – 1970s (Ballantine Books, New York, New York 1986) BOOK 25 

Freeman, Douglas Southall, Lee, abridged by Richard Harwell, (Collier Books, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, New York: 1961, 1991) BOOK 22


Friendly, Fred, Due to Circumstances Beyond Our Control (Random House, New York, N.Y.: 1967) BOOK 34 

Goldman, Eric F., The Crucial Decade – And After: America, 1946-1960, (notes from my old paperback edition; will have to look for the copyright information) BOOK 1 

Halberstam, David, The Best and the Brightest (Random House, New York, N.Y.: 1969, 1971) BOOK 491 

Halle, Louis J., The Cold War as History (Harper & Row, New York, N.Y.: 1975) BOOK 75


Halleck, Reuben Post, History of American Literature (American Book Company, Cincinnati, Ohio: 1911) BOOK 30 

Handlin, Oscar, Boston’s Immigrants: A Study in Acculturations (Atheneum, New York, N.Y.: 1974) BOOK 21 

Hartwell, E.C., Story Hour Readings: Fourth Year (American Book Company, Cincinnati, Ohio: 1921) BOOK 35 

The Irish with their Catholic faith were seen as a threat.

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, The Scarlett Letter and Selected Tales, edited by Thomas E. Connolly (Penguin Books, New York, New York: 1970) BOOK 7 

Hendricks, Mrs. Thomas A., A Popular History of Indiana (The Indianapolis Sentinel Co., Indianapolis, Indiana: 1891) BOOK 91 

Holley, Marietta, Samantha Among the Brethren (Funk & Wagnalls, New York, New York: 1890) BOOK 15 

Keesing’s Research Report, Race Relations in the USA, 1954-1968 (Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, New York: 1970) BOOK 27


Lancaster, Bruce and Plumb, J. H., The American Heritage Book of the Revolution (Dell Publishing, New York, N.Y.: 1958) BOOK 48 

Lief, Alfred, Harvey Firestone: Free Man of Enterprise (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, New York: 1951) BOOK 23 

Madison, James, Notes of the Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 (W.W. Norton and Company, New York, N.Y.: 1987) BOOK 87


Madison and the others had a good plan for government.

McMaster, John Bach, A Brief History of the United States (American Book Company, New York, New York: 1907) BOOK 97 

McLaughlin, Andrew; A History of the American Nation (1911) BOOK 56 

Mencken, H. L., The Vintage Mencken (gathered by Alistair Cooke) (Vintage Books, New York, New York: 1956) BOOK 49 

Miller, John C., The First Frontier: Life in Colonial America (Dell Publishing, Laurel Edition: New York, N. Y.: 1975) BOOK 300


Morris, Charles, The Greater Republic (John C. Winston & Co.: Philadelphia, 1899) BOOK 99 

Morrison, Toni, Beloved (Alfred A. Knopf, New York, New York: 1987) BOOK 57 

Murphy, Elizabeth Taft (editor: Maryjane Hooper Tonn). I Remember. Do You? A Nostalgic Look at Yesterday: From the Twenties – to the Fifties (Ideals Publishing, Milwaukee, Wisconsin: 1973) BOOK 301 

Northrup, Henry Davenport, Life and Deeds of General Sherman: Including the Story of His March to the Sea (J. H. Moore & Co., Philadelphia, Pa.: 1891) BOOK 36


Norton, Mary Beth, Founding Mothers and Fathers (Alfred A. Knopf, New York, N.Y.: 1996) BOOK 47 

O’Brien, Tim, The Things They Carried (Penguin Books, New York, New York: 1990) BOOK 46 

O’Rourke, P.J., Parliament of Whores (Vintage Books, New York, New York: 1991) BOOK 88 

Post, C. C., Driven from Sea to Sea: Just a Campin’ (J.E. Downey & Co., Chicago, Ill.: 1884) BOOK 37


Ridpath, John Clark, various books, somewhat jumbled in my notes, including Ridpath’s History of the World, Vol. I, Vol. VII, Vol. VIII, Vol. IX (Jones Brothers, Cincinnati, Ohio: 1907); The Great Races of Mankind (not sure of volume or date of publication), With the World’s People (Jones Brothers, Cincinnati, Ohio: 1912) BOOK 38 

Ridpath, John Clark, People’s History of the United States (Historical Publishing Company, Philadelphia, 1895) BOOK 1219 

Sadlier, Sadlier’s Excelsior Studies in the History of the United States for Schools (New York, New York: William H. Sadlier: 1879 and 1896 by William H. Sadlier; 1907 and 1910 by Annie M. Sadlier) BOOK 19


Smith, Paige, Daughters of the Promised Land (Little, Brown and Company, Boston, Mass.: 1970) BOOK 45 

Spofford, Harriet Prescott, Stepping-Stones to Happiness (The Christian Herald, New York, N.Y.: 1897) BOOK 39 

Sullivan, Robert (managing editor), The 1960s (Life Books, New York, New York: 2014) BOOK 60


A little 60's style.

Tarkington, Booth, Seventeen (Grosset & Dunlap, New York, New York: 1915, 1916) BOOK 17 

Taylor, William O., With Custer on the Little Big Horn (Penguin Books USA: New York, New York, 1996) BOOK 76 

Thayer, William M., Marvels of the New West (Henry Bill, Norwich, Connecticut: 1890) BOOK 6 

Van Loon, Hendrik, America (Tudor Publishing Co.: 1927) BOOK 124 

Walworth, Arthur, Woodrow Wilson (Penguin Books or Pelican Books, Baltimore, Maryland, 1969) BOOK 10 

Whitlock, Brand, Her Infinite Variety (The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis, Indiana: 1904) BOOK 9 

Flapper style.

Whittier, John Greenleaf, The Complete Poetical Works (Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Cambridge, Mass: 1892)  BOOK 31 

Wolfskill, George, Happy Days Are Here Again! (Dryden Press, Hinsdale, Illinois: 1974) BOOK 1127    





“The most extreme Democrat of his time.”


John Clark Ridpath on Thomas Jefferson.




March 4: The following selection is from Charles Coffin, Building a Nation, published in 1882. “President Jefferson was a plain man. When he was inaugurated he would have no parade of military, but rode alone and on horseback to the capital, tied the horse to a post, entered the Capitol, took the oath of office, and rode back to his home. (72/119)


Ridpath has a similar description:


Though of aristocratic birth, Jefferson was the most extreme Democrat of his time. He was the first of his social class to substitute pantaloons for knee breeches, and to fasten his shoes by leather strings instead of by silver buckles. When elected President he set aside the custom of his predecessors, who rode to the place of their inauguration in a magnificent court-like carriage drawn by four horses, and accompanied by liveried servants, but proceeded thither on horseback and unattended. Arriving at the place, he hitched his horse to a rack, and going into the Capitol delivered an address that occupied less than fifteen minutes. So opposed was he to the Austin tatian and homage paid to greatness, that he abolished Presidential levees, and kept the date of his birth secret in order that it might not be celebrated. The American decimal system of coinage, is statute of religious freedom in Virginia, the Declaration of Independence, the University of Virginia, and the Presidency of the Union are the immutable foundations of his fame. (1219/283-284)


Van Loon notes, Mr. Jefferson out of office was against every form of official interference with the rights of the states and the individual. Mr. Jefferson in office soon recognized that no government can hope to survive unless it actually “governs.” (124/270)


“The Sedition Act was of course repealed,” he writes. “The navy, in so far as it was reducible, was diminished to something resembling zero.” Van Loon adds, “political improvement without a corresponding amount of economic improvement is absolutely without value and is not worth bothering about.” (124/272)




THIS might fit in anywhere, from A Popular History of Indiana. The author comes across as a good, Christian woman of her era, writing in 1891. (She advocates for temperance, for example.) 

She has this to say of traveling preachers, including those who ministered to the Native Americans: 

They, of course, shared in the hardships, trials, and privations of the early settlers, but their lot was even harder, from the fact that they were obliged to travel continually through a sparsely-settled country, carrying the gospel message to the widely-scattered settlements, and finding their way through a pathless forest by means of Indian trails and marked trees. One writer thus describes their mode of traveling: “Sleeping in the woods or on the open prairies on their saddle-blankets, cooking their coarse meals by the way, fording streams on horseback with saddle-bags and blankets lifted to their shoulders, exposed without shelter to storms, and drying their garments and blankets by the camp-fires, when no friendly cabin could be found. … In a few years they became sallow, weather-beaten and toil worn.” And “often prostrated by fevers and wasted by malaria the years of pioneer service with many were few and severe.” One good old veteran in writing to a friend said: “My horse’s joints are now skinned to his hock-joints. And I have rheumatism in all my joints. … What I have suffered in body and mind my pen is not able to communicate to you; but this I can say, while my body is wet with the water and chilled with the cold, my soul is filled with heavenly fire, and I can say with St. Paul: ‘But none of these things move me.’” (91/258-259)



IN SIMILAR FASHION, Hendricks writes of the early pioneers: 

A story is told of one pioneer who left his clearing and started farther west because another had settled so near him that he could hear the report of his rifle; and of another, that on noticing, through the valley around him, “smoke curling in the distance, he went fifteen miles to discover its source and, finding newcomers there, quit the country in disgust.”  (91/66)



“The spirit of revolt has taken deep hold in the minds of the slaves.” 

SHAKEN by a slave revolt in 1800,  the Virginia legislature established a regular guard for the capital, the armory, and the penitentiary. A “humane” law was passed, in the wake of the wave of executions, which granted the governor power to sell, “beyond the bounds of the United States, any slaves convicted of conspiracy or other crimes.” Jefferson suggested that slaves be sent to Sierra Leone, a colony established by Britain as a refuge for slaves removed from America during the Revolution. 

“In the future,” Ammon notes, “all slaves convicted of crimes were kept in prison until purchased by traders agreeing to remove them from the United States.”


Rumors of another possible slave revolt in 1802, again stirred fear in Virginia; Monroe was dubious, but did write Jefferson, admitting, “the spirit of revolt has taken deep hold in the minds of the slaves.” (24/199-200)


A character in Beloved explains life as a slave.


NOTE TO TEACHERS: I found out early in my career that middle school students loved to act. For several years, in the 1980s, I had the misfortune to be required to teach Ohio History. We had an ancient book – with some pictures showing cars from the 1940s and political leaders all wearing fedoras. At one point we found the book my colleague, Steve Ball, had used in junior high, before we changed to a middle school model. So we held an official “retirement” ceremony for the aging text and delivered it across the hall to his room, with appropriate honors. 

The main trouble, as so often was the case, was that the book lacked interest for students. I did what I could to make the subject come alive; but it was no easy task. I stumbled across an old book on the life of Johnny Appleseed. And about the same time I read some material on Mike Fink, a riverboat pirate of the same era. I managed to write up brief stories about both men and presented them to my classes. 

Initially, I was considering a creative writing assignment. Then one of my kids suggested combining the two for a skit. As always, I was intrigued – and say again that some of your best ideas will come from the kids in front of you. “Why don’t we have a Dating Game episode with the two pioneers?” 

I knew at once this would be funny. In no time, three girls volunteered to take the role of contestants. I took the two boys who had agreed to be Fink and Appleseed aside for a conference. “I want you to wear a pot on your head,” I told the boy who volunteered to play Johnny. 

“I have an old sack at home in our barn,” he said with enthusiasm – and I told him to bring it for sure. 

 I had picked the biggest, toughest looking boy in class to be Mike and we discussed his role and agreed he should bring a “whiskey bottle” to serve as a prop. 

The girls had to sit down and make up as many questions as possible to ask these two famous ladies’ men.

Mr. Appleseed.

Here was the opening description of John Chapman, a.k.a. Johnny Appleseed, in my reading: 

Down the road he came, often barefoot or wearing bark sandals – always ragged and worn.  His shirt might be an old coffee sack. His head-gear was a broken-down straw hat covering long, untidy hair. Or he might wear a tin pot to keep off the sun and serve his cooking needs. His possessions were few. A Bible. A bag of corn meal and a lump of salt for meals. Not much else. No gun, no horse, no money. Just a leather bag filled with seeds. Yet this was not some frontier scarecrow or pioneer hippie. This was the legendary Johnny Appleseed.


He didn’t look like much: but bright eyes showed in his weathered face.


Brief discussion of his childhood followed. Then a look at his career: 

Whenever he felt soil and sun were right he stopped to hack an opening in the forest. Chopping at small trees and brush, he cleared a space. Then he dug out roots, raked and turned the soil, and “tickled the earth” with his seeds. In went all varieties of apples – Russets, Pippins, Never-Fails, and more. Finally he made a fence of brush to keep out deer and wild animals and moved on. 


Whenever possible, Johnny gave seedlings to pioneer families so they might do the planting themselves. To others he gave seeds and instructions on how to handle them. Everywhere he made friends, since the apple was a key to a good diet in 1800. In pies, cider, jelly, cake, fritters and apple sauce, the fruit appeared regularly on the menu.


“Johnny Appleseed” was known far and wide. During the summer he helped with plowing and farm work. In return he received meals and a place to bed down. Other nights he slept outdoors where darkness found him. Often he was content to dine on half-ripe plums and wild oats. Other times he gathered a hat (pot) full of berries to eat along the way.


Soon it was said: “He had a friend in every person, a home under every roof in Ohio.” Many evenings were spent by firelight, reading the Bible to families that lacked schooling to read themselves. Peace-loving and kind, John discussed his ideas with all who cared to listen. To children he might give marbles or bright ribbon, or a rude [simple] toy he carved. In the fall he doubled back on his path and visited his plantings, tending to the young seedlings. Winters found him in the cider-mills of western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio, gathering fresh seeds for use when spring finally returned.


According to Eleanor Atkinson’s book, even the natives respected Appleseed. He was a gentle, peace loving man – and tried to keep the settlers and natives from fighting.  

Because he roamed the wilderness Johnny gave up any chance for a home or family. “He could have no love but that of mankind, no children besides the tender seeds of his planting,” says Atkinson. Instead he came to find “companionship in his furred and feathered friends” of the forest. Even the apple trees were special. Johnny sometimes spoke of as if they were human. In harsh winter weather people might wonder if the young trees would survive. “They can be trusted to do their best,” the simple planter replied.


From his earliest travels he had studied the teachings of the Swedenborgian church. Convinced by his reading that all creatures were loved by God, John gave up eating meat, riding a horse or killing snakes and insects. If he had to make camp he positioned his fire to avoid burning even an anthill. He carried no gun to keep away wolves or men, only a supply of gunpowder to light and scare off animals.


I also included the story of his one true romance: 

Some say Chapman finally fell in love with a pioneer widow named Betty Varnum. We hear that he plowed 150 miles through deep snow and high winds one terrible winter. For Johnny feared that Mrs. Varnum and her family would need his help. Even severe frostbite could not stop him. But he arrived too late. Sickness had claimed Betty’s life. 


That winter her family found poor Appleseed “lying cold and senseless on Betty’s grave.” Johnny had placed a good red cloak over the ground where she was buried. And we can imagine that tears were frozen upon his cheeks. His hair turned white and he began to treat the trees even more lovingly. Somehow he was convinced they could feel the pain when he pruned [cut back] their branches.


Fink was nothing more than criminal scum. The counterpoint to peace-loving Appleseed could not have any more stark. Even as an infant, I noted, he refused milk and demanded whiskey! 

Here we describe his brawling ways: 

  In the rough frontier world, and a rougher business, Fink feared no man and answered to no law but his desire. “I’m a regular tornado,” he warned, “and can strike a blow like a falling tree.” Powerfully built, he had a handshake like a “blacksmith’s vice.” One witness compared him to a grizzly bear in clothes. Another says he stood six feet tall. A third puts his size at 5’ 9,” 180 pounds. 


At any height or weight, Mike was ALL DANGER to those who roused his anger.  For he enjoyed a good fight: “to stretch these here limbs and git the jint [joints] to working easy,” he once explained. “I can out-run, out-jump, out-shoot, out-brag, out-drink, and out-fight, rough and tumble, any man on both sides of the river,” he bellowed when he entered a bar. And fool it was who disagreed! “If any man dare doubt it,” he growled, “I’ll be in his hair quicker than hell can scorch a feather.”


Fink was particularly good at “rough and tumble” combat, fighting without rules or limit.  Such contests ended when one man hollered, “enough.” The damage could be terrible. It was not uncommon for men to gouge out eyes or bite off pieces of an enemy’s lip, nose or ear.  Some fighters wore metal fingers known as “devil’s claws.” Attached to the hand, they helped rake great cuts across an opponent’s face. The winner won the privilege of wearing a red feather in his hat; and Mike was champion of many such brawls.


(In a footnote I included these additional details: A. B. Hulbert described the damage done in one fight. Combined, the two contestants suffered: two eyes out, a nose clipped off close to the face, one lower lip torn away and two heads with hair ripped out in patches. As the words in bold, above, I always highlighted terms in my readings, if I thought many students wouldn’t know what they meant.)


Then we turned to Mike’s “way with women.” 

Surprisingly, Fink also had a reputation as a “lady’s man,” and girlfriends along the river. He could be tough with women, too, especially when he had been drinking – which was almost always. As Mike explained, “Thar’s nuthing like whiskey for taking the cobwebs out o’ a feller’s throat.” Sometimes he carried lady friends along on his boat. Then he watched their every move. He enjoyed making his “girls” put tin cups filled with whiskey on their heads. Then this “William Tell of marksmen on land” would put a bullet through the cup, without mussing a hair.  Sometimes, for variety, he made the poor woman hold the cup between her knees!


One time, Fink threatened to shoot his girl “Peg” (or, some say, his wife), for flirting with other men. Forcing her to lie in a pile of leaves, he carved up scraps of wood and covered her up. Then he set the leaves on fire at each corner. Peg stood it as long as she could. “But it soon became too hot, and she made a run for the river, her hair and clothing all on fire. In a few seconds she reached the water and plunged in, rejoiced to know she had escaped both fire and [his] rifle so well.” 


Mike only shouted after her: “There, that’ll larn [learn] you to be winkin’ at them fellers on the other boat.”


Two days later the students were ready – and they were fabulous in almost every class. In one class John W., playing Johnny, brought three apples to give his questioners. It was a nice touch and one he thought of entirely on his own. The girls had good questions ready, too. 

“Johnny, what would we do on a first date?” one asked. 

“Well, I like to go out in the woods and talk to the squirrels. That’s always fun,” he answered.  

Mike usually scoffed at such replies and made fun of Appleseed, the pioneer wimp. “I’d take you drinking, ladies, and maybe shot cups off your head if I liked you enough,” he explained with a leer. 

“Have you ever been married – or are you involved in any long relationship now,” asked the next girl. 

Johnny had to explain the tragic death of Betty Varnum and how he lay sadly on her grave in the cold.  

Mike tried answering the same question. “I had a woman once, named Peg, but she got to lookin’ at them other fellers. So I forced her to lie down in a pile of leaves and then set the pile on fire. She weren’t hurt none. She jumped up and ran to the river and jumped in. But that taught her a lesson!” 

The next question might be about Johnny’s views on violence. How did each man make a living? What was the most romantic thing they had ever done? Johnny might interject, “If you go out with me, I’ll let you wear my pot!” Or Mike might growl, “I’ll let you steer my keelboat, so long’s ya don’t be winkin’ at them other men.”  

This was a skit that almost always worked and was almost always fun. I admit, in this case, I was trying to come up with something in Ohio History that I considered interesting and fun. 



ANOTHER description of the career of John Chapman can be found in a schoolbook, Ohio Supplement: Wayland’s History (1929). 

“An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” This is a saying you have often heard. A man who never heard this saying at all did wonderful work in giving Ohio thousands of apple trees. This man was known as Johnny Appleseed, although his real name was John Chapman. The name that people gave to him was much better, because it told the story of his work. He was a queer man in many ways and people never quite understood him, but everybody loved him for the good he did.


On his first visit to Ohio he came floating down the Ohio River in two canoes that he had fastened together. These canoes were piled full of sacks of apple seeds. He had gathered the seeds at cider mills in Pennsylvania. He loved growing things and he loved people. He thought that by planting these seeds in this new western country he could help the settlers.


He wandered over Ohio and the states west of us for many years. His leather sack of seeds was always with him. Whenever he found a good spot along a stream, he planted some of his seeds. He fenced the place in with brush to protect the young trees which would soon begin to shoot up. Johnny had hundreds of these spots in Ohio. Year after year he came back to tend them. He was so well liked by both Indians and white settlers that no one ever bothered his young trees. When the trees were large enough to be transplanted he sold them to the settlers. He never charged very much for them, often taking old clothes for his pay. His usual price was five cents.


Johnny Appleseed loved trees but he loved all kinds of wild animals, too. He never hurt a wild thing except once. A snake bit him and in a sudden fit of anger he killed it. He was sorry ever after for this act.


A man with such a good heart was naturally loved by all the settlers. They were glad to have him come and stay with them. He was very religious and he talked with the pioneers about religion and worship. He also brought them news from the other places where he had been. People gave him letters to carry to their friends. Boys and girls liked to hear his stories. So he was loved for many reasons.


But the leather sack of seeds was the thing that meant the most. Johnny Appleseed will never be forgotten in Ohio.